Children with learning disabilities

| | posted on:Learning Disability

Children with learning disabilities

Children with learning disabilities
i. Dyslexia
ii. Dysgraphia
iii. Dyscalculia
iv. Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

Learning Disabilities (Dyslexia) – Affect persons ability to acquire, process, and/or use either, spoken, read, written or nonverbal information( organization/planning, functional literacy skills, memory, reasoning, problem solving, perceptual skills) or in other words in short- difficulty with language in its various uses ( not always reading).
• Dyspraxia
–     The inability to motor plan, to make an appropriate body response.

• Dysgraphia –      Difficulty with the act of writing both in the technical as well as the expressive sense. There may also be difficulty with spelling.
• Dyscalculia –       Difficulty with calculations.
Attention Deficit and –  Hyperactivity, distractibility and impulsivity Hyperactivity Disorder(ADHD).

Learning Disabilities:
(a) Difficulty in counting
(b) Lack of concentration or easily distraction by the surroundings, either at home or school.
(c) Difficulty in sitting quietly in the classroom.
(d) Does not write down the spoken words correctly.
(e) In appropriate additions to the right word; e.g. ‘ischool’ in place of school.
(f) Always confused between Right & Left.
(g) Unreasonable difficulty in remembering the verbal instructio ns.
(h) General difficulty in memorizing the things.
(j) Extreme restlessness in a child which significantly interferes with the timely completion of various tasks.
(k) Reverses letters or symbols too frequently while reading for exa mple b as d, saw as was, etc.
(l) Reverses numbers too frequently while reading or writing for example 31 as 13, 6 as 9,etc.
(m) Excessive errors during reading like looses place or repeat / insert/ substitute/omit words.
(n) Poor in mathematical calculations.
(o) Problems in accurate copying from the common sources like a book or a blackboard, even though the vision is normal.
(p) Write letters or words either too close or too far (spacing problems).
(q) The child appears to comprehend satisfactorily but is not able to answer the questions.
Note: i. If the answer to any of the above 3-5 statements is positive, the child should be carefully examined by a qualified psychologist/paeditrician/ or a special  educator for initial screening & further consultations.

ii. One of the main characteristics children with learning disabilies is that their verbal skills are often much better than the writing skills. Therefore, they should be formally tested in order to elucidate their disability in detail.



For services in :
1. Anganwadi Centres at:
Field:         Anganwadi Worker in Anganwadi
Block:         Child Development Project Officer
Centre:       1. Joint Secretary
Department of Women & Child Development
Ministry of HRD
Shastri Bhawan
New Delhi –110 001.

2. In-ChargeChild Guidance CentreNIPCCD,
5, Siri Institutional Area
Hauz Khas, Delhi.
2. Schools at:
Field:       Teachers in School
State:       Secretary, Elemetnary Education (See Annexure.II.B)
Centre: 1. Joint Secretary,
Department of Elementary Education & Literacy
Ministry of HRD
Shastri Bhawan
New Delhi –110 001.
2. Ed.CIL, Technical Support Group
IED Unit
10-B, Indraprastha Estate
Delhi –110 002.
Tel: 3399171, 3399173-77
Fax: 91-11-3326917.
3. Health Centres at
Field:        Female Health Worker in Sub-Health Centre
Block:        Medical Officer, Primary Health Centre / Community Heatlh Centre
District:     Chief Medical Officer, District Hospital
Centre:       Rehabilitation Council of India
Under Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment
23-B, Shivaji Marg
Near Karampura Complex
New Delhi.
4. Rehabilitation Services/ Centers:
District: 1. District Rehabilitation Centre: (See Annexure-III (B))
2. District Welfare Officer
State:       Contact Persons in the States- Social Welfare: (See Annexure-II.A)
Centre:       Project Director
District Rehabiliation Centre
4, Vishnu Digamber Marg.
New Delhi-110002.