Teachers in today’s schools teach children with disabilities along with the mainstream students. Strategies for instruction of all types of learning at the same time are imperative. Teachers must use a variety of techniques to reach students who learn best by seeing, hearing, writing, or all three.
Know Your Students’ Capabilities
- Know the types of students being taught. Note various disabilities of students that may need accommodation in how the classroom is arranged or how studying is conducted.
Prepare Lessons in Many Ways
- Prepare lessons incorporating all learning types. Lectures should be done with voice modulation, changing the tone, the volume or speed. Monotone lectures will not keep the attention of the ADHD student or the learning-disabled child. Keep things interesting. Keep the class integrated into discussions as much as possible.
Use Visual Aids
- Use chalk boards, overheads or handouts to back up any lectures and lessons. Giving many learning-disabled children the chance to “see” what is being taught will aid them greatly.
- Encourage note-taking. Be aware that many learning disabilities make note-taking extremely difficult. For those students or for all, as back-up information, give a copy of notes on paper for them to review. Don’t expect all students to be equal when it comes to listening and writing at the same time.
- Review all information regularly. Go over yesterday’s notes and lectures before proceeding to new ones. Make eye contact with each student as much as possible. This will allow you to see whether each student understands, pays attention or is totally lost. This will also give the student more self-confidence as he feels he is not being singled out or left out.
- Talk to the students as much as possible in one-on-one situations. Sometimes self-confidence can be boosted for a student just by her knowing that she is being thought of as an individual and that someone is taking the time to treat her as such. Self-confidence and self-esteem may make the difference between success and failure. Help the student as much as possible by being positive and noting things she does correctly.